The personality traits needed for innovation (example of the Wright brothers)
Why were the Wright brothers the first to invent the aeroplane? Perhaps because there were two of them!
|Wilbur and Orville Wright, from wikimedia commons|
Anyone who is interested in innovation should read the Basadur Applied Creativity site. They have some very interesting models for the innovation cycle, but also a really useful model about the character traits required for innovation. They also offer an online (paid) service for assessing the creativity styles of your team.
- The Generators are the big thinkers – the ones who spot a potential untapped area, a gap in the market, or a new innovation opportunity. They find problems.
- The Conceptualisers are the ones who like to work with a problem until they fully understand the forces at work, and the possible ways in which the problem might be addressed. They understand problems.
- The Optimisers are the people who like to look for solutions, and to fix things. They solve problems.
- The Implementers are the people who like to get things done. They implement solutions.
However these people are very different in outlook and working style.
The Generators and Optimisers do not understand each other at all. Once is looking for problems, the other for solutions. They find each other frustrating to work with. The Conceptualisers and Implementers also are chalk and cheese. One is pressing for deadlines, the other saying “hang on, we don’t understand what we are dealing with yet”. Each is a source of huge exasperation for the other.
“Their personalities were perfectly complementary (each provided what the other lacked). Orville was full of ideas and enthusiasms. Wilbur was more steady in his habits, more mature in his judgments, and more likely to see a project through”.
And according to the Smithsonian National Air and Space museum
“Relying on each other’s strengths and compensating for each other’s weaknesses was crucial to their invention of the airplane. Neither probably could have achieved alone what they did as a team. “I like scrapping with Orv,” Wilbur said, “he’s such a good scrapper.” Heated discussions were a frequent and significant aspect of the Wrights’ creative process. Their ability to defend a position with genuine passion, while considering the other’s point of view, was essential to their inventive success”.
Orville was a Conceptualiser, Wilbur was an Implementer, and they managed their creation tension through a brotherly bond and heated arguments.
The challenge for any innovation team leader is to create a team with similar diverse character traits, to build a bond as strong as the Wright brothers’, and to manage the heated arguments and scraps that will surely be necessary as part of the creative process.